Machu Picchu (from southern Quechua machu pikchu, "Old Mountain") is the contemporary name given to an ancient Andean Inca stone town built on the rocky promontory that joins the Machu Picchu and Huayna Picchu mountains on the eastern slope of the Andes. Central, south of Peru. Its original name would have been Picchu or Picho. The built-up area in Machu Picchu is 530 m long by 200 m wide and includes at least 172 enclosures.
The complex is clearly divided into two large areas: the agricultural area, made up of sets of cultivation terraces, located to the south; and the urban area, which is, of course, the one where its occupants lived and where the main civil and religious activities took place. Both areas are separated by a wall, a moat and a staircase, elements that run parallel to the east slope of the mountain.